El-Sisi confirmed on 26 March 2014 that he would run for president in the presidential election.  Sisi described the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict as a great chance to end the 66-year-old conflict calling on Israel to reach a peace deal with the Palestinians and saying "I call on the Israeli people and the government: now is the time to end the conflict ... so that prosperity prevails, so that we all can have peace and security". Military career  Writing for the American magazine Time, Lee Smith concluded that "Egypt's new leader is unfit to rule", referring not to the actual head of government at the time, interim president Adly Mansour, but to Sisi. Sisi also issued the first Presidential decree, giving ex-president Adly Mansour the Order of the Nile.. Sisi announced in his statement that there was a new plan of "renewing and developing" giant projects established by the former Soviet Union.  On 6 December 2013, el-Sisi was named "Time Person of the Year" in Time magazine's annual reader poll.  Tahrir Square was prepared to receive millions of Egyptians celebrating Sisi's win; police and soldiers shut down the square outlets with barbed wires and barricades, as well as electronic portals for detecting any explosives that could spoil the festivities. Meanwhile, 35 percent of respondents believed price controls had improved, while 32 percent believed that they have become worse. He and his siblings studied at the nearby library at al-Azhar University.  The government is also responsible for arbitrary arrests and torture of children as young as twelve. Relations with Ankara were also lowered to chargé d'affaires. On 14 August 2013, police carried out the August 2013 Rabaa massacre, killing hundreds of civilians and wounding thousands, leading to international criticism.. , Following the election of Republican Donald Trump as the President of the United States, the two countries are looking to improve the Egyptian-American relations.  Sisi's administration also showed unusual actions dealing with the US, calling on Obama's administration to exercise restraint in dealing with "racially charged" unrest in Ferguson, echoing language the US used to caution Egypt previously as it cracked down on Islamist protesters. " He was the first member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to admit that the invasive tests had been carried out.. Président de la république arabe d'Égypte depuis 2014, il est également président de l'Union africaine entre 2019 et 2020. , El-Sisi has called for the reform and modernisation of Islam; to that end, he has taken measures within Egypt such as regulating mosque sermons and changing school textbooks (including the removal of some content on Saladin and Uqba ibn Nafi inciting or glorifying hatred and violence). Trump continued his earlier praise of el-Sisi, saying that "Egypt has made tremendous progress under a great leader's leadership". , In September 2019, building contractor Mohamed Ali, in exile in Spain, published videos online that directly criticised el-Sisi, claiming corruption and ineffectiveness. The Egyptian military also threatened to intervene if the dispute was not resolved by then.. Business / Politique, Homme politique. He also promoted him to the rank of colonel general. Starting 10 February 2019, Sisi also began serving a one-year term as Chairperson of the African Union, which concluded in 2020.. The education details are not available at this time. The heads of state are set to discuss major regional crises but also the human rights situation in Egypt. The reason attributed to senior United Arab Emirates government officials is that they saw Mahmoud's role as "damaging to the president". In the next month, the government awarded building contracts worth approximately one billion dollars to the Egyptian Army. Sisi rules an authoritarian regime in Egypt, as the Egyptian military has unchecked power, and elections are not free and fair. Soon afterwards, the Egyptian Army issued a 48-hour ultimatum which aired on television that gave the country's political parties until 3 July to meet the demands of the anti-Morsi demonstrators. Al-Sissi discute de la cause palestinienne avec les ministres des AE jordanien et palestinien ---Le président égyptien Abdel-Fattah Al-Sissi a discuté samedi des efforts visant à une reprise du processus de paix au Moyen-Orient avec les ministres des Affaires étrangères de Jordanie et … Sisi, however, appointed 20 women. It also demanded Israel adopt self-restraint and to keep in mind that being an "occupation force", it has a legal and moral duty to protect civilian lives..  President Putin also accompanied him to visit the Russian cruiser Moskva before they gave a joint televised statement. In his paper, he argues in favour of democracy based on its past successes. Even as a young man he was often called "General Sisi" due to his perceived orderly demeanor. , On 24 March 2014, an Egyptian court sentenced 529 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to death, following an attack on a police station in 2013, an act described by Amnesty International as "the largest single batch of simultaneous death sentences we've seen in recent years […] anywhere in the world". , El-Sisi comes from a religious family and frequently quotes Quranic verses during informal conversations; El-Sisi's wife wears the Islamic hijab, though usually a casual kind that covers the hair but not the neck. According to him, "As long as we have political Islam movements that aspire for power, our region will remain in a state of instability." , Sisi also started the National Roads Project, which involves building a road network of more than 4,400 kilometres and uses 104 acres of land, promising that there are many development and reconstruction campaigns for Egypt to reduce the unemployment rate and increase the poor's income.  The election, held between 26 and 28 May, featured one opponent, Hamdeen Sabahi, saw 47% participation by eligible voters, and resulted in Sisi winning in a landslide victory with 97% of the vote. In the short-term, Egypt signed a contract with General Electric (GE) to provide the country with 2.6 gigawatts by the summer of 2015. Unlike his brothers – one of whom is a senior judge, another a civil servant – el-Sisi went to a local army-run secondary school, where concurrently his relationship with his maternal cousin Entissar Amer started to develop. , On 6 October war anniversary in 2013, el-Sisi announced that the army was committed to the popular mandate of 26 July 2013: "We are committed, in front of God, to the Egyptian and Arab people that we will protect Egypt, the Egyptians and their free will. The Supreme Constitutional Court froze that ruling and allowed Sisi to ratify the deal with Saudi Arabia, making these two islands included in Mohammed Bin Salman's NEOM megacity.  Unlike the US, Russia supported Sisi's actions from the start, including his presidential bid. Sisi has expressed his personal concerns about the issue of sexual assault in the country. Abdel Fattah El-sisi was born in Cairo, Egypt on Friday, November 19, 1954 (Baby Boomers Generation). , Unlike Hosni Mubarak, el-Sisi was protective of the privacy of his family, apart from nominations of family members to positions of power. Continue to the next page to see Abdel Fattah El-sisi net worth, estimated salary and earnings. In May 2015, Egypt chose the banks to handle its return to the international bond market after a gap of five years marking a return of economic and political stability in the country after the revolution of 2011. Activists saw the detention last month of Gasser Abdel Razek, executive director of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), and two of the group's other staff, as the latest escalation of a broad crackdown on political dissent under President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.  The absence of Egypt in President Trump's travel ban towards seven Muslim countries was noted in Washington although the Congress has voiced human rights concerns over the handling of dissidents. Funding was provided by the "Long Live Egypt" economic development fund in collaboration with civilian charitable organizations. He also thanked "Egypt's Arab brothers, who stood by its side." , Sisi, who is reportedly facing a severe economic ordeal in Egypt, has decided to raise fuel prices by 78 percent as an introduction to cut the subsidies on basic food stuffs and energy, which eat up nearly a quarter of the state budget. Abdel Fattah El-sisi’s age is 66. " In September 2014 Sisi visited the US to address the UN General assembly in New York.  Chief Editor Lina Attalah described the preparation of the report as having had "every single detail [confirmed] by at least two separate sources — and when it came to some details, as many as four". , According to Sherifa Zuhur, a professor at the War College, when el-Sisi attended, many American officers expressed doubts that Muslims could be democratic.  Standard & Poor's rated Egypt B-minus with a stable outlook and upgraded Egypt's credit rating in November 2013. They were married upon Sisi's graduation from the Egyptian Military Academy in 1977. Abdel Fattah Sisi is the Egyptian Defense Minister and military chief. , They also checked US Secretary of State John Kerry and his top aides through a stationary metal detector as well as with a handheld wand before meeting with el-Sisi in an unusual screening for a senior State Department official. The poll showed that 78 percent of the sample said they would vote for Sisi should the presidential elections be held again the next day while 11 percent said they would not. Kamel Gemilak states to have collected 26 million signatures asking Sisi to run for president. , In August 2014, Egypt's Baseera, the Centre for Public Opinion Research, said in a poll result that only eight percent of the sample were unhappy with El-Sisi's performance and ten percent of the sample said they could not identify their position. As Minister of Defence, and ultimately Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces, Sisi was involved in the military coup that removed then President Mohamed Morsi from office on 3 July 2013, in response to the June 2013 Egyptian protests, called a revolution by its proponents. On 27 January 2014, he was promoted to the rank of field marshal. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron attend a joint news conference at the Elysee Palace, France [Michel Euler/Pool via … " With continuous support for Palestine, the Sisi administration supports the two-state solution establishing a Palestinian state on lands that were occupied in 1967  with Eastern Jerusalem as its capital for the Israeli–Palestinian conflict achieving the Palestinians needs and granting Israel the security it wants. In 1987 he attended the Egyptian Command and Staff College. In January 2020, in response to the Trump peace plan, the Sisi government issued a statement stating that it "recogniz[ed] the importance of considering the U.S. administration's initiative", that it "call[ed] on the two relevant parties to undertake a careful and thorough consideration of the U.S. vision to achieve peace" and supporting the "restor[ation] to the Palestinian people [of] their full legitimate rights through the establishment of a sovereign independent state in the Palestinian occupied territories in accordance with international legitimacy and resolutions". Abdel Fattah al-Sissi (en arabe : عبد الفتاح السيسي, transcrit traditionnellement ‘Abdu l-Fattāḥ as-Sīsī ; prononcé en arabe égyptien : [ʕæbdel.fætˈtæːħ esˈsiːsi]), né le 19 novembre 1954 au Caire, est un militaire et homme d'État égyptien. El-Sisi and Trump had met during the opening of the seventy-first session of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2016.  Slashing subsidies was recommended by international financial institutions, but no Egyptian leader had managed to broach the issue, fearing unrest in a country where nearly 50 percent of the population live in poverty and rely on government aid.  He also concluded the tour with a few hours' visit to Sudan. Meet Aya el-Sisi", "First Lady's style: Conservative yet trendy", "Profile: Egypt armed forces chief Abdul Fattah Al-Sisi", "Morsy assumes power: Sacks Tantawi and Anan, reverses constitutional decree and reshuffles SCAF", "السيسي".. وزير دفاع بنكهة "25 يناير" ورئيس لمصر بتأييد "30 يونيو", "حصريا لـ"الوطن" | السيسي: تتقطع الإيد اللي تتمد على مصري", "Egypt's army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi receives a promotion ahead of likely presidency bid", "Egypt Orders Mass Arrests of Muslim Brotherhood Members", "Showdown in Cairo: Egyptian general demands permission to take on the 'terrorists, "Egyptian General Calls for Mass Protests", "Army chief's rally call finds backing in Egypt press", "Egypt's presidency calls for protests against 'terrorism, "Egypt's Nour Party and 6 April reject El-Sisi's call for Friday rallies", "Egypt's Abol Fotouh warns against army-called rally", "6 April Youth Movement to stay off the streets on Friday", "Egypt rights groups voice misgiving about army's call for rallies", "Death toll from Egypt violence rises to 638: Health ministry", "Islamists Debate Their Next Move in Tense Cairo", "In Egypt General al-Sisi is at a loss – but a massacre on Eid would bring too much infamy", "Viewpoint: Egypt's New Leader Is Unfit to Rule", "Rare interview with Egyptian Gen. Abdel Fatah al-Sissi [sic]", "Worse than the dictators: Egypt's leaders bring pillars of freedom crashing down", "Egyptian Court ordered Death sentence to 529 Members", "Egypt: sentencing to death of more than 500 people is a 'grotesque' ruling", "Egypt crackdown widens with arrest of leading rights lawyer", "It's 'Sisi-Mania,' as Nationalist Fervor Sweeps Through Egypt", "Egypt's Sisi Wins Reader Poll for TIME Person of the Year", "Egypt army chief El-Sisi pushed towards presidential run", "NSF will back Sisi if he runs for president, Badawy says", "We support Sabahi if Sisi does not run for presidency: Tamarod Founder", "Shafiq will not run for presidency if Al-Sisi nominates himself", "Revolutionary Forces Bloc declares support for Sisi's bid for president", "Putin backs Sisi's 'run' for Egyptian presidency", Egypt’s Ruler Eyes Riskier Role: The Presidency, "Sabbahi: I am the only presidential candidate so far in Egypt", "Politicians defend possible Sisi candidacy", "Egyptian candidate questions Sisi's commitment to democracy", "Misr Balady Front calls on Al-Sisi to run for presidency", "Supporters urge Egypt general to run for president", "Egypt's army chief Sisi to run for president", "Egypt army chief Sisi says will run for president – report", "Egypt's Twitter hashtags declare defiance Twitter", "Egyptians Celebrate President Sisi's Winning", "All diplomats in Egypt invited to Sisi's inauguration: Foreign Ministry", "President El-Sisi grants Adly Mansour highest medal", "Egyptians uncertain about future under President Sisi", "Egypt's Sisi goes cycling for fuel economy", "From Egypt's leader, an ambitious call for reform in Islam", "Egypt strikes Islamic texts from schools, angering Salafists", "Muslim dress in Egypt: Haughty about the hijab", "Egypt's clerics are resisting the president's call to renew Islam", "Egyptian president attends Coptic Christmas Eve mass in Cairo", "Egypt's Sisi Becomes First President to Attend Christmas Mass", "Muslims and Copts share mixed reaction to Sisi Cathedral visit", "Egypt's Sisi Is a Strong, Confident—and Vulnerable—Autocrat", "Hundreds Of Egyptians Protest Against Government, Demand Sisi Resignation", "Egyptian Authorities Round Up Hundreds After Rare Protests", "As long as we have political Islam, there will be instability: Al-Sisi from New York", "El-Sisi Says Price Rises to Save Egypt From Debt Drowning", "Egypt president raises cigarette, alcohol prices", "Egypt subsidies cut much-needed 'bitter medicine': Sisi", "Egypt's President Expresses Disappointment Over Conviction of Three Journalists", "Egypt to start paying foreign oil firms by year end – EGPC – News – Aswat Masriya", "Egypt's external debt drops to $39.9 bn at end of March – central bank – News – Aswat Masriya", "Moody's raises Egypt's outlook to stable on political stability, improved growth – News – Aswat Masriya", "Fitch upgrades Egypt rating to B, cites subsidy cuts – News – Aswat Masriya", "Moody's upgrades Egypt to B3 with a stable outlook | Egypt Independent", "REUTERS – Egypt picks banks for first international bond issue in 5 years – News – Aswat Masriya", "Why two islands may be more important to Egyptian regime stability than billions in Gulf aid", "Looming Energy Crisis Again Confronts Egypt's Leaders", "Egypt suffers regular blackouts due to worst energy crisis in decades", "Power outage hits Egypt subway, TV stations", "Partnering to support Egypt's electricity needs", "UPDATE 2-Siemens signs 8 billion euro power deal with Egypt", "Egypt signs $12 billion deal with British energy giant BP", "Egypt seeks becoming 'global hub for energy trading' – Sisi", "Energy, peace focus of Tripartite Summit (updated)", "Joint Declaration following the 5th Cyprus – Egypt – Greece Trilateral Summit, PIO Cyprus, Nicosia, 21 November 2017", "Leaders Al Sisi Anastasiades Tsipras Trilateral Summit 21 November 2017", "Suez Canal Upgrade May Not Ease Egypt's Economic Journey", "Al-Sisi kicks off new Suez Canal project, lays down tightened completion deadline", "Sisi launches Suez Canal Development Project", "Egypt Has Ambitious Plan for Suez Canal Expansion", "Sisi calls on minister to conclude slum development projects in two years - Egypt Independent", "السيسي: الانتهاء من تطوير العشوائيات خلال عامين", "82 pct of Egyptians happy with Sisi's performance: Baseera", "Baseera poll: 14% decline in Sisi's popularity due to price increases", "Baseera poll shows decline in Sisi voter base", "Egypt's Sisi make Algeria his first foreign trip, security tops agenda", "Africa: Sisi Announces New Agency for Africa's Development", "Egypt: Sisi Returns to Cairo From Khartoum After African Tour", Egypt’s decision to side with Israel has cost Gaza dear. His father, a conservative but not radical Muslim, had a wooden antiques shop for tourists in the historic bazaar of Khan el-Khalili..  They encouraged and welcomed private sector initiatives of energy infrastructure projects, important for energy security of all three countries such as the EuroAfrica Interconnector, interconnector between Greek, Cypriot, and Egypt power grids via submarine power cable of length around 1,619-kilometre (1,006 mi). « L'Égypte d'Abdel Fattah al-Sissi est dans l'histoire de l'Égypte moderne » celle de « la répression la plus importante que l'on n'ait jamais vue », a d'ailleurs estimé sur France InfoAntoine Madelin, directeur du plaidoyer à la Fédération internationale pour les droits humains (FIDH). After a lavish welcoming ceremony at the Hôtel des Invalides, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi arrives at the Elysée Palace where he is welcomed by French President Emmanuel Macron. However, the statement was interpreted by Morsi supporters as a warning to Morsi opponents that el-Sisi would not allow an overthrow of the government. , Sisi also stipulated that the Palestinian Authority would take power in the Gaza Strip in future peace plans and conditioned an easing of transit restrictions at the Rafah checkpoint on the presence of a force from the Palestinian Authority's Presidential Guard being stationed on the Gaza side of the crossing as the Sisi administration considers Hamas an enemy, blaming them for the killing of 16 Egyptian soldiers in 2012 and over the alleged involvement in the prisons' storming in the wake of Egyptian Revolution of 2011..  President Trump praised Sisi, saying that Sisi had "done a tremendous job under trying circumstance". Egypt also hosted the international donor conference in Cairo aiming to raise 4 billion (3.2 billion euros) to reconstruct the Gaza Strip. Sisi later moved to the Heliopolis Palace, where a 21-gun salute welcomed the new president, before the ex-president received Sisi near the palace's stairway. He also denounced what he deemed to be the transitional government's hostility toward the goals of the revolution.. Clashes took place around Egypt. Retrouvez dans l annuaire des célébrités sa date d anniversaire, son âge, sa taille, son signe du zodiaque et des milliers d autres informations, de fiches de stars françaises et du monde entier. "Analysis: Trump presidency heralds new era of US-Egypt ties ". Sisi's family originated from Monufia Governorate. He was a key figure in a 2013 coup d’etat that removed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi from office. Turkey, Tunisia and Qatar were not invited because of their governments' critical stances regarding then-recent events in Egypt.  Sisi mainly blames the Israeli–Palestinian conflict for the extremism in the Middle East describing it as a "fertile environment for the growth and spread of extremism, violence and terrorism".  Energy contracts were placed as a top priority in the Egypt Economic Development Conference in March 2015, resulting in a $9 billion contract with Siemens to supply gas and wind power plants to boost the country's electricity generation by 50 percent, in addition to an energy deal worth $12 billion (LE91.5 billion) with BP to provide the country with an extra quarter of local energy production.  Egypt has spent $96 billion on energy subsidies in a decade which made petrol in Egypt among the world's cheapest. A statement was also released by the military saying that Egypt is pursuing its efforts to "stop the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip" under the president's supervision.  Sisi also skipped Obama's invitation to the American-African summit. It was also agreed that a "Russian Industrial Zone" would be built along the Suez Canal, explained by Putin as being "the biggest regional center for producing Russian products onto the markets of the Middle-East and North Africa. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, then Prime Minister, was the only leader to call Morsi's ouster as a coup, calling for the immediate release of Morsi and insisting he is the legitimate president of Egypt.  Sisi encouraged Egyptians to help rebuild the Egyptian economy saying that he would make an example by donating half his salary and half his personal assets (including his inheritance) to support the Egyptian economy; a move that would encourage senior officials and prominent businessmen to do the same. Sisi would later enroll in the Egyptian Military Academy, and upon graduating he held various command positions in the Egyptian Armed Forces and served as Egypt's military attaché in Riyadh. (Aucune note) Chargement... Célébrité de nationalité Egyptienne. During his speech he said in a warning way that the Egyptian people "will never forget who stood with them or against them".  In August 2015, Secretary of State John Kerry was in Cairo for a "U.S.-Egypt strategic dialogue".  Sisi's administration also decided to cancel the "Roll-on/roll-off" agreement with Turkey, blocking Turkey from transporting Turkish containers to the Gulf via Egyptian ports. You turned your back on the Egyptians and they won't forget that.". ", During the anniversary celebration that year, General el-Sisi invited the Emirati, Iraqi, Bahraini, Moroccan and Jordanian defence ministers to celebrate with him. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, (born November 19, 1954, Cairo, Egypt), Egyptian military officer who became Egypt’s de facto leader in July 2013, after the country’s military removed Pres. Eighty-nine percent said that there was improvement in the security situation after Sisi's taking office. ", The "Kamel Gemilak" (Finish Your Favor) and "El-Sisi for President" campaigns were started to gather signatures to press el-Sisi, who had said he had no desire to govern, to run for presidency.  Sisi was sworn into office as President of Egypt on 8 June 2014.  Sisi was then described by the official website of FJP as a "Defense minister with revolutionary taste". Also reported is commander of the 23rd Mechanized Division, Third Field Army. Sisi warned Egyptians of more pain over the next two years from economic problems that he said had accumulated over the last four decades and needed to be fixed. FILE - In this Nov. 19, 2019 file photo, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi speaks at the "G20 Investment Summit - German Business and the CwA Countries 2019" on the sidelines of a Compact with Africa (CwA) in Berlin. In November 2013, el-Sisi's government banned protests in an attempt to combat the growing pro-Brotherhood unrest; the police arrested thousands of Egyptians using the new law. Due to shortage in energy production, growing consumption, terrorist attacks on Egypt's energy infrastructure, debts to foreign oil companies and the absence of the needed periodic maintenance of the power plants, the energy blackout rates in Egypt rose to unprecedented levels, with some parts of the country facing around six power cuts a day for up to two hours each. , Sisi also introduced the Suez Canal Area Development Project which would involve development of five new seaports in the three provinces surrounding the canal, a new industrial zone west of the Gulf of Suez, economic zones around the waterway, seven new tunnels between Sinai and the Egyptian home land, building a new Ismailia city, huge fish farms, and a technology valley within Ismailia.  In September 2014, Egypt's foreign minister cancelled a meeting with now-President Erdoğan requested by Turkey after Erdoğan made a speech critical of Egypt in the UN General Assembly.  The BBC reported that by May 2016, approximately 40,000 people, mostly Brotherhood members or loyalists, had been imprisoned since Morsi's overthrow. El-Sisi said: "We would die before you [the Egyptian people] would feel pain". , President Sisi has set a national goal of eliminating all unsafe slums in two years.  The regime has employed imprisonment, torture, extrajudicial killings, home demolitions, forced disappearances and sexual violence against its critics.  In response to Erdoğan's remarks, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry warned that the Egypt–Turkey relationship would be worsened while Sisi refused to respond.  Egypt also paid more than $6 billion it owed to foreign oil companies within two months.  Erdoğan was said not to recognise Sisi as president of Egypt and called him an "illegitimate tyrant" in response to the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict and alleged Egyptian support for Israel in its war against Hamas. Abdel Fattah El-sisi was born in Cairo, Egypt on Friday, November 19, 1954 (Baby Boomers Generation).  Cutting the energy subsidies will save 51 billion pounds. Abdel is a Scorpio. Sisi then presided over a reception for the foreign presidents, emirs, kings, and official delegations who had been invited. ", El-Sisi made an African tour, his first foreign visit since taking office a short visit to Algeria, seeking support to counter Islamist militancy in North Africa. He also personally congratulated Emirate of Abu Dhabi's crown prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan for the deal. , Sisi described himself as "a doctor whose diagnoses are sought after by top philosophers and prominent world leaders. , Ali and Mada Masr reported that another of el-Sisi's sons, Mustafa el-Sisi, held a powerful position (as of November 2019[update]) in the Administrative Control Authority, which collects information in relation to suspected corruption and refers cases to prosecutors. They never show their cards, and their enigmatic nature is what makes them so seductive and beguiling. These numbers indicate a moderate drop from the last poll done in 2014.. Online estimates of Abdel Fattah El-sisi’s net worth vary. Moscow's Vedemosti business daily reported that Russia and Egypt are nearing a $3 billion (2.2 billion euro) weapons agreement. El-Sisi is known to be quiet and is often called the Quiet General. El-Sisi was the youngest member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt. Egypt's foreign ministry accused Erdogan of provocation and interfering in Egypt's internal affairs. President Sisi was sworn into office on 8 June 2014. " Sisi has been described by The Economist as "the most pro-Israeli Egyptian leader ever.  El-Sisi also took the post of Minister of Defense and Military Production in the Qandil Cabinet. , In April 2016, King Salman of Saudi Arabia made a five-day visit to Egypt, during which the two countries signed economic agreements worth approximately $25 billion and also made an agreement to "return" Tiran and Sanafir, two Egyptian-administered islands in the Gulf of Aqaba, to Saudi control.